Details for veterans day manifest

The Origins Of VeTerans Day

In 1921, an unknown World War I American soldier was buried in Arlington National
Cemetery. This site, on a hillside overlooking the Potomac River and the city of
Washington, D.C., became the focal point of reverence for America’s veterans.
Similar ceremonies occurred earlier in England and France, where an unknown
soldier was buried in each nation’s highest place of honor (in England, Westminster
Abbey; in France, the Arc de Triomphe). These memorial gestures all took place on
November 11, giving universal recognition to the celebrated ending of World War
I fighting at 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 (the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th
month). The day became known as “Armistice Day.”

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Armistice Day officially received its name in America in 1926 through a Congressional
resolution. It became a national holiday 12 years later by similar Congressional
action. If the idealistic hope had been realized that World War I was “the War to end
all wars,” November 11 might still be called Armistice Day. But only a few years after
the holiday was proclaimed, war broke out in Europe. Sixteen and one-half million
Americans took part. Four hundred seven thousand of them died in service, more
than 292,000 in battle.
Armistice Day Changed To Honor All Veterans
The first celebration using the term Veterans Day occurred in Birmingham, Alabama,
in 1947. Raymond Weeks, a World War II veteran, organized “National Veterans Day,”
which included a parade and other festivities, to honor all veterans. The event was
held on November 11, then designated Armistice Day. Later, U.S. Representative
Edward Rees of Kansas proposed a bill that would change Armistice Day to Veterans
Day. In 1954, Congress passed the bill that President Eisenhower signed proclaiming
November 11 as Veterans Day. Raymond Weeks received the Presidential Citizens
Medal from President Reagan in November 1982. Weeks’ local parade and
ceremonies are now an annual event celebrated nationwide.
On Memorial Day 1958, two more unidentified American war dead were brought
from overseas and interred in the plaza beside the unknown soldier of World
War I. One was killed in World War II, the other in the Korean War. In 1984, an
unknown serviceman from the Vietnam War was placed alongside the others. The
remains from Vietnam were exhumed May 14, 1998, identified as Air Force 1st Lt.
Michael Joseph Blassie, and removed for burial. To honor these men, symbolic of
all Americans who gave their lives in all wars, an Army honor guard, the 3rd U.S.
Infantry (The Old Guard), keeps day and night vigil.
A law passed in 1968 changed the national commemoration of Veterans Day to the
fourth Monday in October. It soon became apparent, however, that November 11
was a date of historic significance to many Americans. Therefore, in 1978 Congress
returned the observance to its traditional date.

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National Ceremonies Held at Arlington National Cemetery
The focal point for official, national ceremonies for Veterans Day continues to be
the memorial amphitheater built around the Tomb of the Unknowns. At 11 a.m. on
November 11, a combined color guard representing all military services executes
“Present Arms” at the tomb. The nation’s tribute to its war dead is symbolized by
the laying of a presidential wreath. The bugler plays “taps.” The rest of the ceremony
takes place in the amphitheater.
Veterans Day ceremonies at Arlington and elsewhere are coordinated by the
President’s Veterans Day National Committee. Chaired by the Secretary of Veterans
Affairs, the committee represents national veterans organizations.
Governors of many states and U.S. territories appoint Veterans Day chairpersons
who, in cooperation with the National Committee and the Department of Defense,
arrange and promote local ceremonies.
Additional Information
Additional information on the history of Veterans Day, the Veterans Day National
Committee, the national ceremony, a gallery of Veterans Day posters from 1978 to
the present and a colorful and informative Veterans Day Teacher’s Resource Guide
can be found on the Internet at http://www.va.gov/vetsday/

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Source: https://www.va.gov/opa/vetsday/

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